从turner prize获奖者Mark Lekey看英国当代艺术
发起人:wyp198793  回复数:8   浏览数:2207   最后更新:2012/12/25 18:15:54 by guest
[楼主] wyp198793 2009-05-26 14:37:32
英国最受注目的当代艺术奖 turner prize 从1984年由英国当代艺术馆tate承办,今年已经进入了第24年。这个奖项是为了鼓励和庆祝英国当代艺术中的新的发展方向和艺术形式的出现。参与艺术家必须是年龄在50岁一下,在英国出生,居住或工作,并且在每年5月之前的12个月里有出众的展览或其他的展出形式。

然而最近几年的获奖作品似乎越来越受争议了。许多艺术评论家和英国公众对turner Prize 的意义也产生了不少的怀疑。人们似乎看不到当代艺术的发展方向,越来越高的拍卖价并没有让艺术品本身提到一个新的高度。有趣的是, 作品质量在“下降”,但去看展览的人却是越来越多了。观看当代艺术展在英国是越来越平民了,但当代艺术本身是否应该平民化?或者说,在当今的多种新媒体活跃的时代,艺术是否还应只限制于传统的艺术实践,如绘画,摄影? 现在越来越多的艺术家以电影,录象为媒介,对身边的流行文化有着敏锐的嗅觉,并通过新媒体手段,把自己对流行文化和大众行为的反思表现出来,这未免不是一种新的发展动态。艺术上‘阳春白雪’和‘下里巴人’的区分本是社会阶层划分的结果。每个社会阶层有自己的艺术形式,而本贾明所说的那种小资产阶层造成的艺术的aura,或auratic art,在上个世纪20年代已经受到了挑战。现在的英国社会等级区分虽然还在,但已不是传统的、以家族遗传为导向的划分了。并我们能感觉到, 并已有学术报告说明,英国的社会等级不是变的越来越模糊,而是更加明显。而这种区分很大程度上与个人收入、消费、和教育背景有关。当然,获取教育也是一种消费行为。那在艺术领域呢?新的社会阶层的形成是否也在挑战传统划分艺术等级的标准?所以面对这种当代艺术的观者和艺术家创作手段的平民化,我们看到了什么?

昨天下班后,顶着英国冬天连绵不断的小雨,去Tate Britain 看了今年的Turner Prize展。自从12月2日宣布Mark Leckey 获奖后,他遍很受争议。很多人说Leckey不过是个Media Archiver, 怎能算是Artist. Leckey 1964年出生在英国北部的birkenhead,他一直在录象艺术领域创作。艺术评论家Mcfarland,2004年在英国著名的当代艺术杂志frieze上说,leckey的创作主题总是沾着英国文化中那些俗气但又有点浪漫主义高贵气质的东西。他的这次获奖作品cinema in all round涉及动态影像,声音,雕塑,和表演艺术。我好奇,大众就觉得以多种媒介创作就不能算是艺术家?难道我们要以创作者的创作媒介来定义他的作品是否属于艺术行为还是其他?如果不是艺术,那是什么?

进入Tate Britain, 就像报道所说的,参观的人还真的很多!伦敦最不乏文艺活动,像这样的周5晚上,街上一般走的是盛装打扮去舞会,戏院,电影院的男男女女。伦敦人喜欢艺术馆,但那不属于周5晚上的行为。其实我选择今天去也是知道Tate 有Late Friday Event, 每月第一个周5会开业到晚上10点。到了才知道今天票价5折,真幸运! 6.4镑4就可以看两场。 怪不得人多呢! 所以我索性把英国当代画家francos bacon的毕生大作也欣赏了。

进了Turner prize展厅,前几个作品的确没有让我太惊奇的。 Cathy Wilkes的装置艺术并没有太突出的表现。而今年被提名的4个艺术家中有3个都是运用电影创作的,包括Mark Leckey.

最后看的是Leckey的。进入他的展映,并没有先去看他的介绍,人太多,副展厅的光线很暗。我进去放映室看片子。 开始并不没意识到这个是获奖作品。但的确被他的叙事吸引了。这个可算是纪录片的作品延续了最近‘纪录片热’的风格——创作者自己的主观画外音叙事,包括上个月看的 Terence Davies的 。我个人很喜欢这种方式,影像创作越来越主观化,艺术创作本身就是作者的自我表达。而Leckey 的这个作品,把个人主观表述放在一个讲座的环境中。Leckey特别关注影像和人的关系,特别是流行文化中的影像符号,如加菲猫,titanic, 卡通人物homer simpson family。 他把日常的上流文化和大众文化中媒介符号编辑在一起,以他的讲座为连线,穿差起来。




他用一个叙事声音,3种方式呈现他的作品:一是他的作品本身,包括了直接运用媒体素材,如加菲猫动画片, titanic 电影片断画面;同时还有那些我们熟悉的英国文化里的流行文化符号的产生和制作背景。二是素材原媒介本身对素材的呈现,如猫的部分,我们看到的是电视屏幕上的画面;三是他在讲座的大屏幕上放映这个作品,他本人在讲台的一角直接做画外音的阐述。在第三种讲座画面里,他的作品在讲厅的大屏幕上的出现,而这种呈现方式本身又3种层面意义:1是讲座屏幕本身他的作品,2是我们作为观者看到画面中的他在讲厅向台下观众的讲授,3是我们作为观者参与到他的作品中:我们在观看他在上一堂讲座和台下观众的表现,同时我们也是他的作品的参与者,我们是他这个作品的观众,作品的一部分。而做到把这三种影像呈现方式,和伴随其中的不同的声音效果统一起来的,是他讲话的内容,无论是画外音里,还是讲座上。





Leckey的精彩在于他让每一个观者都参与到他对“影像和人的关系”的思考当中。当代艺术采用新视觉媒介moving image-video & film 为手段,同时这种媒介本身的参与、窥视、互动的特性也影响着艺术本身的内涵,从而把当代艺术提到一种新的层面。我想这是leckey这个作品最精彩之处。 我们在被告知Leckey自己很主观的对‘影像和人’‘影像和他本人’的关系的理解,同时也在思考这个影像作品本身与我们观者个人的关系。

英国艺术文化评论人、turner prize 08 评委之一 Jonathan Jones称 leckey 是 主观人类学家——subjective anthropologist, 他指的是‘students of popular culture and modern life who amass information almost as a PhD researcher might, and yet they are not cool observers - they are eccentric participants… Leckey's art captivating, mysterious, soulful and provocative…He haunts the secret parts of modern culture, where memory and emotion linger by a rusting abstract sculpture.’

Mark Leckey既不算是纯粹意义上的艺术家,也不是纯粹意义上的电影制作人。他是用影象为媒介的艺术创作者。从我自己纪录片电影的背景来看,leckey的片子有俗气的魅力,又不乏深邃的内涵,更重要的是他有对传统艺术、传统影像思考方式的挑衅!如果他的创作不是一个‘高贵’的艺术作品,那它肯定是个很棒的后现代电影。在社会阶层都在发生变化的当今英国社会,这样的电影人,难道不是艺术家吗?



[沙发:1楼] guest 2010-06-02 15:03:53
[4楼] guest 2010-06-28 09:36:04
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[8楼] guest 2012-12-25 18:15:54
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